Advancing and Delay According to Ibn Hisham in his Book (Awdhah ul-Masalik ila Alfiyati Ibni Malik ) The Nouns as a Model
This paper is an attempt to explor Ibnu Hisham's opinion concerning advancing and delay in his Book Awdhah ulMasalik ila Alfiyati Ibni Malik (the Clearest Ways to Ibni Malik's Alfiya), and how he agreed with some grammarians and differed from others. As for the obligatory delay of the object after the subject, according to Inhu Hisham, there are four reasons: to avoid taking it for the subject of the nominal sentence (mubtada'); or for the subject (fa'il); or to be collocated with illa إال semantically, or that the subject deserves to be advanced. He thinks that the object must come before the subject in four cases also. The paper is divided into two main sections: Section One is devoted to advancing and delay of the subject and object and is sub-divided into two parts: the first deals with the obligatory delay of the object and the second is devoted to the advancing of the object of inna ( إن .(Section Two tackles the surname and the nickname before the noun. It is also subdivided into five parts dealing with advancing anddelay in accusative (mansub) nouns, advancing of the object before the verb, advancing of the object before the verb and the subject, advancing of the object of kana ( كان (before its noun, advancing of the exception (mustathna), advancing of the circumstantial (hal), and advancing of specification (tamyiz).