A Semantic Analysis of Infinitive and Gerund

  • Asst. Prof. Hashim Saadoon Saleem Department of English, College of Education, Tikrit University
  • Dr. Prof Ali Sulaiman I. Al-Dulaimi Department of Translation, College of Arts, Tikrit University

Abstract

Infinitive and gerund have a semantic duty as nouns. In other words, they have the function of nouns though their forms are basically taken from verbs. Infinitive and gerund forms can be used following adjectives and other verbs. Gerunds, however, can exist after prepositions and other expressions. A gerund is derived from verbs by adding (-ing) at the end. It is worth mentioning that there are words that end with the (-ing) inflection, but they are not gerunds. The infinitive form (simple form of the verb) is either preceded by (to) or it is bare (to-less-infinitive) which is known in the grammar as zero infinitive.

Published
Jan 5, 2021
How to Cite
SALEEM, Asst. Prof. Hashim Saadoon; I. AL-DULAIMI, Dr. Prof Ali Sulaiman. A Semantic Analysis of Infinitive and Gerund. Journal of Language Studies, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 1-15, jan. 2021. ISSN 2616-6224. Available at: <http://jls.tu.edu.iq/index.php/lang/article/view/240>. Date accessed: 12 may 2021. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.25130/lang.v4i1.240.