Journal of Language Studies of Tikrit University is an international, multilingual quarterly journal publishing research papers in Eastern languages (Arabic, Kurdish, Turkish, Persian and Hebrew), Western  and European languages (English, French, German, Russian, Spanish) and their literatures.

مجلة بحوث اللغات

-contact: College of Education fpr women ,Tikrit University, Journal of language studies, Salah Al_Din Governorate,Iraq. 

Principal Contact Dr.  Hamdi Hameed Yousif Al-Douri

  Email: hyousif@tu.edu.iq  / C.V 

 

Tikrit University Journal of Language Studies

(JLS),  ISSN: 2616-6224 (Print); 2663-9033 (Online)

© College of Education for Women, Tikrit University

available online at : http://jls.tu.edu.iq

 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

     The College of Education for Women, Tikrit University publishes  Journal of Language Studies (JLS) for the dissemination of original researches in all fields of language and literature. To ensure quality, submission of manuscripts to JLS shall be subjected to peer review by an international board of distinguished reviewers. The journal is a multilingual quarterly published in different languages to strengthen international exchange in academic research across the globe. The journal provides the forum for high-quality research communications and addresses all aspects of experimental observations based on theory and applications. The journal welcomes contributions from all who wishes to report on new developments and latest findings in language, literature and methods of teaching language.

LEGAL REQUIREMENTS

     The author(s) guarantee(s) that the manuscript has not been submitted for publication to another journal and it will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright owner, College of Education, Tikrit University Journal of Language Studies, that the rights of third parties will not be violated, and that neither College of Education for Women, Tikrit University nor the publisher will be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. Authors wishing to include figures or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Authors are encouraged to submit their manuscript through online submission http://jls.tu.edu.iq  or send t0   hyousif@tu.edu.iq  The electronic manuscript shall be prepared in accordance to the “Manuscript Preparation Guide.”

 

EDITORIAL PROCEDURE

     Papers must present results that are essentially new. They have to be written in one of the languages mentioned above in (Journal of Language Studies). All manuscripts are subject to peer review. Authors should submit their manuscripts (either directly or online) to the Editorial to facilitate even quicker and more efficient processing. Manuscripts that are returned to the authors for revision should be sent back within the deadlines; otherwise, they will be considered withdrawn. Rejected manuscripts will not be returned to the authors. Papers that do not conform to the journal norms may be returned to the authors for revision before being considered for publication. The author is responsible for the accuracy of the references.

TYPES OF MANUSCRIPT

    JLS publishes original research articles, invited review articles, technical notes and technical reports that add significantly to the body of knowledge concerning the science and engineering.

The Journal accepts three types of articles defined as follows:

1-Research Articles: A research article is a regular article which aims at presenting new findings. Manuscript of Full-length Original Articles should include an abstract (Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusion), Introduction, Experimental Methods, Results and Discussion, Acknowledgment, References, Figure Captions List, and Tables. Graphics, images, and diagrams should be submitted separately in a high-quality original format.

2-Review Articles: A review article is an article which aims to present comprehensively already existing findings. Review articles are intended to provide an updated perspective on a certain subject that could be relevant for the readership of the journal. Review articles should include an abstract. Review articles are by invitation only

3-Selected Conference Articles: Upon an agreement with a conference committee, selected papers may be published by the Journal in a special section. In this case, the editor will appoint in collaboration with the conference committee guest editors.

 

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

GENERAL GUIDELINES

     Manuscripts should be submitted using the Editorial manager as the Online Manuscript Submission and tracking system. The manuscript must be prepared using Microsoft Word., PDF files are not accepted at this stage. High-quality Figures and Tables along with the legends and captions can be provided separately, or at the end of the text, however, authors should indicate the place of their insertions within the text.

     A Cover Letter should be submitted as a separate file, to clarify how the article will contribute to the scientific knowledge. A Letter containing authors’ Point by Point responses to reviewers’ comments in mandatory and should be submitted as a separate file along with the revised manuscripts.

SPECIFIC GUIDELINES

Article Title

     The title is CAPITALIZED AND SET IN BOLDFACE (Times New Roman 14 point bold).

Author’s Name and Affiliation

     The author’s name(s) follows the title and is left on the page (Times New Roman 14 point bold). Last names should be spelled out in full and succeeded by author’s initials. The author’s affiliation, complete mailing address and e-mail address (all in font size 12 point, Times New Roman), the phone number is provided immediately below the author name.

     Maximal length of the abstract is 250 words. No literature references should be contained in the abstract. The abstract should briefly state the objective and approach and give a concise summary of results and major conclusions drawn in one paragraph and single column. Emphasis should be on what was found, not what was done.

Keywords

     The author should provide three to six keywords that clearly describe the subject matter of the paper and after the abstract for indexing purposes. The keywords must be arranged alphabetically.

 

Text

  • The manuscript should be single-spaced using A4 paper.
  • The top margin should be 17 mm.
  • The bottom margin should be 15 mm.
  • The left and right margins should be 20 mm.
  • The text should have both the left and right margins justified
  • Papers should be written in clear and concise language and divided into major sections and minor sections.
  • Use a normal, plain font (e.g., Times New Roman for English articles and Simplified Arabic for Arabic articles), 12 points for text.
  • For textual emphasis use italics.
  • For indents use tab stops or other commands, not the space bar.
  • Use the table functions of your word processing program, not spreadsheets, to make tables. Tables are referred to in the text by “Table n” (capital T).
  • Place any figure legends or tables at the end of the article.
  • Submit all figures in their original formats and as separate files and kept separate from the text.
  • Figures are referred to in the text by “” (capital F).
  • Indicate the preferred location of each table and figure in the body of the manuscript.

Abbreviations

     Abbreviations should be defined at first mention in the abstract and again in the main body of the text and used consistently after that. A list of symbols should follow the abstract if such a list is needed. Symbols must be written clearly. The international system of units (SI units) should be used. Essential footnotes to the text should be numbered consecutively and placed at the end of the article.

 

Conclusion

    A conclusion section must be included and should sum up the findings of the reported work. There shall be no discussion about results or analysis in this section.

Acknowledgments

     An acknowledgments section may be presented after the conclusion if desired. This section shall be kept brief, acknowledging the support rendered by individuals, departments, and organization.

 

References

    References should be cited in the text in the forms:  1, 2, 2, . They should be listed and numbered in their order of citation in the text, not by name and date.

     The list of references should include only works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. ‘‘Personal communications’’ or ‘‘Unpublished data’’ should only be mentioned in the text if available. The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) can be added at the end of the reference in question.

     References should be arranged alphabetically. References with correct punctuation should be styled as follows:

Citation

     Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers such as:   1, 2, 2.

EndNote Style

     JLS 2018 EndNote style is available. If you want to use EndNote Program please click here to download EndNote style file.

 

 

References list

     The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference listExamples of different types of references are as follows:

 

  1. Journal papers

- Sweeney, James Johnson. "East Coker: A Reading" In Bernard Bergonzi (ed.) T. S. Eliot's Four Quartets: A Casebook. London: The Macmillan Press LTD., 1969

  1. Books
  • Bergonzi, Petri. S. Eliot: A Life. New York: Touchstone, 1984.
  • Butler, Dom Cuthbert Western Mysticism. London: Constable and Co. LTD, 1927.

 

  1. Dissertation or Thesis

- Chornokur, Katernya. "Postcolonial Religion and Manhood in the Novels by Louise Endrich and Alice Walker". M. A. Thesis, University of South Florida. March, 2012

 

  1. Web Page

 

For any further information please visit our journal website at http://www.jls.tu.edu.iq or send email to hyousif@tu.edu.iq

 

 

 JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE STUDIES

 

 

CITATION ANALYSIS

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Emails: jols@tu.edu.iq                                                                              hyousif@tu.edu.iq

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Tikrit University Journal of  Language Studies, is a peer reviewed journal published by College of Education for Women, Tikrit University.

THIS WORK IS LICENSED UNDER A CREATIVE COMMONS ATTRIBUTION 4.0 INTERNATIONAL LICENSE.

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Peer Review Process

     After the article passes the plagiarism checking stage, and editor or editor section check, each manuscript will be reviewed by at least two independent referees who are within the subject area.

     Peer review is a critical element of scholarly publication, and one of the major cornerstones of the scientific process. Peer Review serves two key functions:

1-Acts as a filter: Ensures research is properly verified before being published

2-Improves the quality of the research: rigorous review by other experts helps to improve key points and correct unintentional errors

+Peer Review Process

Guidelines for Reviewers

Double Blind Peer Reviewed Journal

     Peer review in all its forms plays an important role in ensuring scholarly the integrity of the scholarly record. The process depends, to a large extent, on trust and requires that everyone involved behaves responsibly and ethically. Per-reviewers play a central and decisive part in the per-review process but too often come to the role without any guidance and may be unaware of their ethical obligations. The COPE Ethical Guideline for Peer Reviewers set out the basic principles and standards to which all peer reviewers should adhere during the peer-review process. It is hoped that they will provide helpful guidance to researchers, be a reference to journals and editors in guiding their reviewers, and act as an educational resource for institutions in training their students and researchers.

     Before you accept or decline an invitation to review, consider the following questions:

  • Does the article match your area of expertise? Only accept it if you feel you can provide a high-quality review.
  • Do you have a potential conflict of interest? Disclose this to the editor when you respond.
  • Do you have time? Reviewing can be a lot of work—before you commit, make sure you can meet the deadline.
  • Do you need to find about more about reviewing and the peer review process? If so, check out the free tutorials on the JLS Peer-Review Process.

Reviewing Agreement

Disagree Reviewing

 

Respond to the invitation as soon as you can (even if it is to decline)—a delay in your process shows. down the review process and means more waiting for the author. If you do decline the invitation, it would be helpful if you could provide suggestions for alternative reviewers.

When you sit down to write the review, make sure you familiarize                                                                                                                                                               yourself with JLS Author Guidelines.

First read the article. You might consider spot checking major issues by choosing which section to read first. Below we offer some tips about handling specific parts of the paper.

 

Methodology

If the manuscript you are reviewing is reporting an experiment, check the methods section first. The following cases are considered major flws and should be flagged:

  1. Unsound methodology.
  2. Discarded method.
  3. Missing processes known to be influential on the area of reported research
  4. A conclusion drawn in contradiction to the statistical or qualitative evidence reported in the manuscript.
  5. Or analytical papers examine the sampling report which is mandated in time-dependent studies. For qualitative research make sure that a systematic data analysis is presented and sufficient descriptive elements with relevant quotes from interviews are listed in addition to the author's narrative.

Research Data and Visualizations:

     Once you are satisfied that the methodology is sufficiently robust, examine any data in the form of figures, tables or images. Authors may add research data, including data visualizations to their submission to enable readers to interact and engage more closely with the research after publication. Please be aware that links to data might, therefore, be present in the submission files. Theses items should also receive your attention during the peer review process. Manuscripts may also contain database identifiers in relation to the database linking program.

     Critical issues in research data, which are considered to be major flaws can be related to insufficient data points, statistically non-significant variation and unclear data tables.

Ethical Considerations:

Most journals require ethical approval by the author's host organization.

Overview:

If you do not spot any major flaws, take a break from the manuscript, giving yourself time to think. Consider the article from your own perspective. When you sit down to write the review, again make sure you familiarize yourself with JLS Author Guidelines.

     Your review will help the editor decide whether or not to publish the article. It will also aid the authors and allow them to improve their manuscript(s). Giving your overall opinion and general observations of the article is essential. Your comments should be courteous and constructive, and should include any ad hominem remarks or personal details including your name and/or affiliation.

     Providing insight into any deficiencies is important. You should explain and support your judgement so that both editors and authors are able to fully understand the reasoning behind your comments. You should indicate whether your comments are your own opinion or are reflected by the data and evidence.

 

Step One: Review Information

Step Two: Review Form

Your Comments and Recommendations

 

    Please write comments for author(s) and comments for JLS editor. Also, you may want to write comments and suggestions to JLS about the review form. Bear in mind that there will be the opportunity to direct separate comments to both the editor and the author.

      When you make a recommendation, it is worth considering the categories the editor classifying will likely use for the article.

Accepted without modification

Accepted with minor corrections

Accepted with major modifications

    Either major or minor (explain the revision that is required and indicate to the editor whether you would be happy to review the revised article). If you are recommending a revision, wou must furnish the author with a clear, sound explanation of why this is necessary.

The Final Decision:

The editor ultimately decides whether to accept or reject the article. The editor will weigh all views and may call for another opinion or ask the author for a revised paper before making a decision.

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    Focus and Scope

     The College of Education for Women, Tikrit University publishes Journal of Language Studies which aims at the dissemination of original researches in all fields of language and literature. The journal aims at disseminating the latest developments and achievements in linguistic and literary research to the world’s community. In order to ensure quality, submission of manuscripts to JLS shall be subjected to peer review by an international board of distinguished reviewers. The journal is quarterly published and in English to strengthen international exchange in academic research across the globe. The journal provides a forum for high-quality research communications and addresses all aspects of experimental observations based on theory and applications. The journal welcomes contributions from all who wishes to report on new developments and latest findings in all fields of language, literature and methods of language teaching.

The Editors reserve the right to reject papers without sending them out for review.

 

 

 

Publication Frequency

    The Tikrit University Journal of Language Studies (JLS) was originally published as in 2017 as a quarterly journal; it had basic requirements and sources. Journal of Language Studies publishes four issues in 2017 and shall publish four issues every year.

Open Access Policy

    This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public which supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Abstracting and Indexing

The journal plans to be indexed at the following sites;

1-Cross Ref. DOI

2-Iraqi Academic Scientific Journals

3-EBESCO

4-DOAJ

5-EZ3

6-J-Cate

7-OCLC WorldCat

8-Google Scholar

 

Plagiarism

     Authors are advised to observe high standards in the aspect of publication ethics. Any plagiarism (fabrication or falsification of data) are strictly unacceptable practices in TJES, including duplicate publication of the author’s work without proper citation.

     Every manuscript submitted for publication is checked for plagiarism via Turnitin after submission and before being sent to the editor for editorial review. Any detection of overlapping and similar texts in the manuscripts submitted will be investigated promptly and may lead to the manuscript being rejected.

 

 

 

Submissions

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it submitted before to another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Open Office, Microsoft Word, RTF, or Word Perfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided. Preferred to use EndNote program
  4. The text should be single-spaced; using a 12-point font A4 papers (for papers in English and European languages) and 14-point, 1.5 spacing, simplified Arabic (for papers in Arabic); employing italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables should be placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. Author Fees
  8. JLS journal charges the following author fees:
  9. Article Submission: 100.00 ID
    Authors are required to pay article submission fees as part of the submission process to contribute to review costs.
  10. Payment methods:
  11. 1-Western Union to : Hamdi Hameed Al-Douri
  12. -Zain Cash to  JLS Zain: 009647819169525
  13. for more details about Zain Cash visit https://www.iq.zain.com/ar/web/iraq/zain-cash-service

Submissions

Online Submissions

Submit Article 

Author Guidelines

Download Endnote JLS Reference Style 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it sent before to another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Open Office, Microsoft Word, RTF, or Word Perfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided. Preferred to use EndNote program
  4. The text is single-spaced; using a 12-point font A4 papers; employing italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

 

 

 

Publication Ethics

    For a peer-reviewed journal, the publication of articles plays an essential role in the development of a coherent network of knowledge. It is, therefore, essential that all publishers, editors, authors, and reviewers, in the process of publishing the journals, conduct themselves in accordance with the highest level of professional ethics and standards.

Publisher’s Responsibilities

    We follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)’s Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers (PDF). The publisher is dedicated to supporting the vast efforts of the editors, the academic contributions of authors, and the respected volunteer work undertaken by reviewers. The publisher is also responsible for ensuring that the publication system works smoothly, and that ethical guidelines are applied to assist the editor, author, and reviewer in performing their ethical duties.

Editor’s Responsibilities

     We follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)’s Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (PDF). In addition, some key points are listed below. The editor should acknowledge receipt of submitted manuscripts within two working days of receipt and ensure an efficient, fair, and timely review process. The editor should ensure that submitted manuscripts are processed in a confidential manner, and that no content of the manuscripts will be disclosed to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, and the publisher, as appropriate. The editor should recuse himself or herself from processing manuscripts if he or she has any conflict of interest with any of the authors or institutions related to the manuscripts. The editor should not disclose the names and other details of the reviewers to a third party without the permission of the reviewers. The editor has the right to make the final decision on whether to accept or reject a manuscript with reference to the significance, originality, and clarity of the manuscript and its relevance to the journal. The editor should by no means make any effort to oblige the authors to cite his or her journal either as an implied or explicit condition of accepting their manuscripts for publication. The editor should not use for his or her own research any part of any data or work reported in submitted and as yet unpublished articles. The editor should respond promptly and take reasonable measures when an ethical complaint occurs concerning a submitted manuscript or a published paper, and the editor should immediately contact and consult with the author. In this case, a written formal retraction or correction may also be required.

Reviewer’s Responsibilities

     We follow the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)’s COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers (PDF). In addition, some key points are listed below. The reviewer who feels unqualified to review the assigned manuscript or affirms that he or she cannot meet the deadline for completion of the review should immediately notify the editor and excuse himself or herself from the process of reviewing this manuscript. The reviewer should inform the editor and recuse himself or herself from reviewing the manuscript if there is a conflict of interest. Specifically, the reviewer should recuse himself or herself from reviewing any manuscript authored or coauthored by a person with whom the reviewer has an obvious personal or academic relationship, if the relationship could introduce bias or the reasonable perception of bias. The reviewer should treat the manuscript in a confidential manner. The manuscript should not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor. The reviewer should approach the peer-review job objectively. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable. The reviewer should not use for his or her own research any part of any data or work reported in submitted and as yet unpublished articles. The reviewer should immediately notify the editor of any similarities between the manuscript under review and another paper either published or under consideration by another journal. The reviewer should immediately call to the editor’s attention a manuscript containing plagiarized material or falsified data.

 

Author’s Responsibilities

    The author should not submit concurrent manuscripts (or manuscripts essentially describing the same subject matter) to multiple journals. Likewise, an author should not submit any paper previously published anywhere to the journals for consideration. The publication of articles on specific subject matter, such as clinical guidelines and translations, in more than one journal is acceptable if certain conditions are met. The author should present a precise and brief report of his or her research and an impartial description of its significance. The author should honestly gather and interpret his or her research data. Publishers, editors, reviewers, and readers are entitled to request the author to provide the raw data for his or her research for convenience of editorial review and public access. If practicable, the author should retain such data for any possible use after publication. The author should guarantee that the works he or she has submitted are original. If the author has used work and/or words by others, appropriate citations are required. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

The author should indicate explicitly all sources that have supported the research and also declare any conflict(s) of interest. The author should give due acknowledgement to all of those who have made contributions to the research. Those who have contributed significantly to the research should be listed as coauthors. The author should ensure that all coauthors have affirmed the final version of the paper and have agreed on its final publication. The author should promptly inform the journal editor of any obvious error(s) in his or her published paper and cooperate earnestly with the editor in retraction or correction of the paper. If the editor is notified by any party other than the author that the published paper contains an obvious error, the author should write a retraction or make the correction based on the medium of publication.

 

 

 

 

Tikrit University Journal of Language Studies

Open Access Policy

JLS journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Copyright and open access licenses

Authors retain copyright in their article and have a choice of Creative Commons licenses (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). 

Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

You are free to:

  • Share— copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
  • Adapt— remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.

The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

Under the following terms:

  • Attribution— You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • No additional restrictions— You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Notices:

  • You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable exception or limitation.
  • No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rightsmay limit how you use the material.