Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We support standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in publishing in our journal: the author, the journal editorial board, the peer reviewer and the publisher. Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement  mainly draw  on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, (COPE)

Duties of Editorial Board

Publication Decisions

The editorial board is the body  responsible for approving the publication of the scientific research submitted to the journal. The decision to publish a paper will always be evaluated in accordance with  the terms and conditions announced to researchers. Publication decisions should be made  irrespective of  race, gender, religious backgrounds, ethnicity, nationality, and political philosophy and are constrained by ethical and legal requirements governing copyright, infringement and plagiarism . Emphasis is placed on the scientific value of work,  scientific research integrity, language and, citation .. The editorial board adheres to ethical standards in order to serve the academic community and readership  of our journal in a transparent way.

The editorial  board should  not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Editors should recuse themselves  from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors,  or  institutions connected to the papers. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication.




Duties of Reviewers

Contributions to editorial decisions

 Peer review process assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also help the author in improving the paper.  Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication, and lies at the heart of the scientific method.  In addition to the specific ethics-related duties described below, reviewers are asked generally to treat authors and their work as they would like to be treated themselves and to observe good reviewing etiquette.


Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself  from  participating in the review process.


It is required from the reviewers to deal confidentially with the manuscripts received for reviewing. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage The documents and papers cannot be disclosed or discussed with others, except as authorized by  the editor of the journal.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively.  Reviewers should be aware of any personal bias they may have and take this into account when reviewing a paper. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views in a clear manner with supporting arguments.


Acknowledgement of sources

Peer reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. They must notify the editorial board panel by the non-compliance of the author with the standards of publication in the journal and to make sure of the aptness of the references with the sources and that the sources must match the ones listed in bibliography. They also must call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.


Disclosure and conflict of interest

 Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review process must be kept confidential and not used for personal purposes. Reviewers  should not consider manuscripts where they have  conflicts  of interest caused by  competitive and collaborative  relationships or connections  with any authors  or institutions related to papers.



Duties of Authors

Reporting standards
Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work done as well as  an objective discussion of its significance. The manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements form unethical publishing behavior and are unacceptable.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication

An author should not submit for consideration in another journal a paper that has been published previously, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis . Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical behavior and is deemed unacceptable. .

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a remarkable  contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the  study. All those who have made remarkable  contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have partook  in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should make sure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have read and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to affect the results  of their manuscript.All sources of financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article should be disclosed, as should the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When authors discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their published research, they should inform and cooperate with the editor or the publisher of the journal in order to undo or correct their researches in the misprinted form. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains an error, it is the obligation of the author to cooperate with the editor, including providing evidence to the editor where requested.

.Acknowledgment of sources

Authors should ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others, and should also cite publications that have been influential in identifying the nature of the reported work. Authors should not use information obtained in the course of providing confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, unless they have obtained the explicit written permission of the author(s) of the work involved in these services.